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Anaerobic and Aerobic Training

We are all descendants of Adam. While we are divided between different nations and languages we are all the same. No matter how we see it our body remains a mystery to us. The way we are created and the changes our body undergoes through time. The way it creates lives, repair itself if needed. No matter what color your skin, your race or your ethnicity this same rules follows to all.

One of these changes our body undergoes includes the changes in the muscular, cardiovascular and neuro-humoral systems. However, this extemporizes the strength and the functional capacity due to the regular endurance or the resistance training. This process is also known as training effect. Most of us those who are in the fitness field have lots of doubt about the best method in loosing and maintaining body weight. There are people who thinks that the cardio vascular training is the best while the others thinks quiet the opposite. In this article I would be highlighting these two extremes and the different physiological responses the body undergoes during aerobic and anaerobic training.

Anyone who have a better understanding about this field would know that we need a little bit of both included in our fitness programs. Aerobic and Anaerobic exercises may look the same but have a huge number of differences as well. Knowing what kind of exercises to include and not to include in your daily workout routine may give you a better understanding about how to maintain your body weight or to loose for some.

The body undergoes multiple adaptations when continuously engaging in aerobic exercise. The heart, lungs, active muscles and circulatory system all undergo changes that are positive to your health.

Looking at this from a better angle, Aerobic exercises forces oxygen through the body, increasing the number and size of the blood vessels. These blood vessels transport oxygen and nutrients to muscles and carry waste products away from muscular growth, repair and recovery. Without these exercises your body would nit be able to create any more supply routes for newly developed muscles. In the end there would be a greater number of muscle fibers that can contribute to endurance performance. Whether it's aerobic endurance training or some foem of cardiovascular work on a treadmill or bike it has numerous benefits to the body. Aerobic fitness is as important as it can be. Suppose, if such training was performed for a year, the first change you could observe would be higher aerobic capacity. Meaning one would expect to have a cardiovascular health. Including a reduction in incidence of and mortality from coronary artery disease, probably because of positive effects on blood lipid levels and blood pressure. Aerobic exercise can also be an important adjunct to a weight-loss. Studies have found that cardio exercise very well, may increase life-span. So, if you are doing cardio to 'burn energy' so you can 'lose weight', you might want to rethink the benefits. That's not, necessarily, the prime benefit of cardio. Cardio, is there to work out your cells. In addition to this, many persons who continue an exercise program do so because of its positive mental benefits, including reduction in anxiety and depression and modulation of stress levels. Aerobic exercise has a place in the management of diabetes, pregnancy, and aging. Moreover another plus point those who does aerobic training is that there is an increase in the size and number of mitochondria and f water myoglobin content. Which is a good metabolic change taking place in your body. Next, those would observe an increase in the levels of myoglobin.

Anaerobic training includes high-intensity training methods in which the energy source is not dependent on the use of oxygen. Sprinting, high-intensity resistance training and a number of sports rely on anaerobic training for top performance. Anaerobic training increases muscle size through hypertrophy. There are two main types of muscle fibers. Type II fibers are called "fast-twitch" fibers and are able to contract at a higher force than type I. With anaerobic training, especially heavy resistance training, all muscle fibers increase in size because all fibers are recruited to produce the high force needed. Type II fibers do, however, have greater increases in size than type I fibers. Other muscular adaptations include improved calcium release and increased buffering capacity. Calcium is the main regulatory and signaling molecule in all muscle fibers. Improved calcium release improves the muscles' ability to use it. An increased buffering capacity helps your body fight muscle fatigue despite lactic acid accumulation. Also, The cardiovascular system responds rapidly to anaerobic exercise, increasing heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, blood flow to muscles and systolic blood pressure. These responses help ensure that sufficient oxygen is delivered to the muscles via the blood. With anaerobic training, the cardiovascular response is decreased both at rest and with activity. This means that a higher level of performance can be achieved as the body is using the blood supply more efficiently.

To summarize, your body is working aerobically if your lungs and heart are working hard. Exercises that use oxygen could be cycling, biking and swimming. Whereas; Lunges and Squats which are anaerobic exercises that forces you to make energy without the use of oxygen. This occurs for activities such as weight training or sprints or whenever you are asking your muscles to blast with energy over a short period of time with rest in between. If it’s a balanced fitness routine it is highly important to use both of these exercises in our routine so that the fitness is maximized. This means using cardio/aerobic for building endurance, along with strength training/anaerobic for building muscle mass and then stretching to keep you flexible.

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